Nanotechnology is often defined as the science, technology and engineering carried out on the Nanoscale, which measures from 1-100 nanometers. A nanometer is a billionth of a meter. To put this in perspective, a sheet of newspaper measures about 100, 000 nanometers thick. Although the concept of nanotechnology seems far removed from our lives, it actually has a huge impact on many aspects of our lives. Here are ten ways that nanotechnology is changing lives around the globe.
Using nanotechnology, it is now possible to make smaller computers that are far more powerful. These computers also run on far less energy and their batteries last longer.
Nanotechnology has also improved things in the world of medicine. Thanks to the technology, scientists have created powerful diagnostic equipment that is far mar accurate and allows for testing in real time.
Vehicle parts made of nanocomposite materials tend to be lighter and stronger than those made of ordinary metal. Better yet, they also help boost fuel efficiency as well as making the vehicle much more resistant to corrosion.
Nanofibers are used to make clothes much more resistant to stains, dirt and water without affecting the thickness or weight of the fabric.
As with the vehicle parts and fiber, nanotubes are used to make certain equipment stronger and light in weight. It is specifically used to reinforce the strength of myriad sport equipment, such as tennis rackets and balls.
Drugs that contain nanoparticles are absorbed much more easily by the body. The particles can also be used to deliver medicine to targeted cells, such as chemotherapy meds to cancer cells.
There are water filters that are only a few nanometers wide. These filters can purify water of all kinds of dirt, including disease causing bacteria and viruses. The filters are a much more cost- effective alternative to current water purification methods.
Sun screens made of nanoparticles tend to do a better job protecting your skin from harmful UV radiation. Not only will the product spread much more easily over your skin, but it will also absorb the harmful rays thus ensuring that you remain safe from them. They also absorb a wider range of UV rays than ordinary sunscreens.
These are used to detect specific chemicals even when they are at incredibly low levels. This has numerous applications in surveillance and security systems. It can also be used in the medical world to detect specific substances or cells in the body.
Nanoclays are used to make the plastic material that makes drink bottles. This material is impermeable to moisture, oxygen and carbon dioxide. This therefore extends the shelf- life of these items a lot longer.
Contrary to what you may think at first, nanotechnology has numerous practical applications in day to day life. It has revolutionized many industries, such as the processing industry, the vehicle manufacturing industry as well as the medical world. Its impact is expected to grow by leaps and bounds with time as more used for it are discovered and actualized.